Women’s Sexual and Reproductive Health & the SDGs

   Photo: © Diana Mrazikova/Networks/Senegal, courtesy of Photoshare

Although progress has been made against HIV/AIDS in the era of the Millennium Development Goals, the HIV epidemic—especially among women and girls—continues to threaten global development.

With the MDGs set to expire in 2015, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a set of new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in September that serve as a shared statement of what must happen to advance human development between 2015 and 2030.

Gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls is not only one of the SDGs but is also critical to achieving all 17 of the goals. In fact, any effort to encourage sustainable growth must prioritize the health and well-being of women and girls.

That effort must include giving women the tools they need to address two of the greatest risks to their sexual and reproductive health: HIV, which disproportionately strikes women in the prime of their lives, and unintended pregnancy, a leading contributor to maternal mortality, which is magnified in women with HIV.

HIV/AIDS remains the leading cause of death among women ages 15-44. Young women are particularly at risk, and those ages 15-24 are at least twice as likely to be infected as young men. Women need practical new HIV prevention tools like microbicides that meet their needs, including multipurpose products that protect against HIV and unintended pregnancy simultaneously.

The payoff will be enormous: a future free of AIDS, where women and girls thrive.

How will new technologies for women help us achieve the SDGs? 

Investing in the health of women and girls has far-reaching ripple effects. New innovations for women’s HIV prevention and sexual health will have significant payoff for sustainable development: improved health and well-being, thriving communities, inclusive economies, and resilient, sustainable societies.

End Poverty

Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere

The high cost of addressing HIV/AIDS and other serious illnesses can drive families to financial ruin, trapping them in a cycle of poverty and weakening economies. By reducing the number of HIV infections, we can reduce illness-related poverty, keep families strong and grow communities. 

 

End hungerGoal 2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture

Women make up more than 40 percent of sub-Saharan Africa’s agricultural workforce. Keeping women healthy can help ensure food security for all.

Ensure healthy lives

Goal 3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages

Healthy women are the backbone of strong families. They are often primary caregivers, redirecting the vast majority of any earned income back to their families. Microbicides would reduce the burden of HIV/AIDS and improve the health and well-being of women and their children. In addition, multipurpose technologies would give women easy-to-use tools to address the overlapping health needs of preventing HIV and unintended pregnancy. 

 

Ensure quality education

Goal 4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all

Girls and young women are often caregivers for parents living with HIV/AIDS, causing them to drop out of school. New and practical HIV prevention options would help girls and young women stay in school and improve their chances for employment later.

Gender equality

Goal 5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

Protecting one’s health is a right no one should have to compromise on. While many women may choose to discuss HIV prevention options with their partners, it is not a feasible option for others. New female-initiated HIV prevention products are a crucial part of a rights-based toolkit that will empower women and girls to protect their own well-being.

Economic growth

Goal 8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all

Women are a crucial part of the formal economy and shoulder the majority of unpaid care and other informal work. New HIV prevention tools for women would lower HIV infection rates, allow healthy women to pursue employment, and help sustain strong and productive workforces.

Infrastructure

Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation

Research to develop effective HIV prevention options is a major contribution to the global community’s scientific knowledge base and helps build research capacity and infrastructure locally. For many communities, active research centers can increase HIV awareness, improve access to health services, and offer employment and skills development.

Reduce inequality

Goal 10. Reduce inequality within and among countries

Gender discrimination, the root cause of many inequalities, is linked to higher HIV prevalence. New female-centered tools will help empower women and communities.
Resilient cities

Goal 11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

Cities are hardest hit by HIV and many are burdened by growing epidemics. New technologies are needed to ease the epidemic, and strengthen health and social systems overall.
Global partnership

Goal 17. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development

Developing new HIV prevention technologies like microbicides requires global collaboration of public and private entities to bring the needed scientific ingenuity, political will and financial resources to bear on product development.